Wednesday, August 24, 2016

United States Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War, 1890

Recently I received an email from another Collins researcher asking "Was there such thing as a widow census ? " I had never heard of one, so I looked into it, turns out there was in 1890. It was called " United States Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War, 1890"

"Often confused with the 1890 census, and more often overlooked or misjudged as useless, are nearly 75,000 special 1890 schedules enumerating Union veterans and widows of Union veterans.

The U.S. Pension Office requested this special enumeration to help Union veterans locate comrades to testify in pension claims and to determine the number of survivors and widows for pension legislation. (Some congressmen also thought it scientifically useful to know the effect of various types of military service upon veterans' longevity.) To assist in the enumeration, the Pension Office prepared a list of veterans' names and addresses from their files and from available military records held by the U.S. War Department.

Nearly all of the schedules for the states of Alabama through Kansas and approximately half of those for Kentucky appear to have been destroyed before transfer of the remaining schedules to the National Archives in 1943. Fragments for some of these states were accessioned by the National Archives as bundle 198."

https://www.census.gov/history/www/genealogy/decennial_census_records/1890_veterans_census.html

I found this link where you can run a search on the Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War :
 https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1877095

I ran a search on my second Great-grandfather, Hiram Collins, and 'bingo' I found this record:
 

 Here are links to an informative article in 3 parts from the National Archives:

The Fate of the 1890 Population Census, Part 1

The Fate of the 1890 Population Census, Part 2

The Fate of the 1890 Population Census, Part 3

I hope this article might be of help to any researcher who descends from a Union Civil War Veteran and their widow. 

Hat Tip to Dianne Hart


Sunday, August 21, 2016

Sunday Morning Mountain Gospel Music 103

If I Could Hear My Mother Pray Again
Written by James Rowe, sung by Loretta Lynn with Geraldine Wilburn
 
 
If I Could Hear My Mother Pray Again

How sweet and happy seem those days of which I dream,
When memory recalls them now and then
And with what rapture sweet my weary heart would beat,
If I could hear my mother pray again.

If I could hear my mother pray again,
If I could only hear her tender voice as then
How happy I would be, ’twould mean so much to me,
If I could hear my mother pray again.

She used to pray that I on Jesus would rely,
And always walk the shining gospel way;
So trusting still His love, I seek that home above,
Where I shall meet my mother some sweet day.

If I could hear my mother pray again,
If I could only hear her tender voice as then
How happy I would be, ’twould mean so much to me,
If I could hear my mother pray again.


Monday, August 15, 2016

Original Lists from Her Majesty's Public Record Office, England 1600-1700

If your family lines go back to early Colonial America, this list could be of interest and a good research tool.

"The original lists of persons of quality; emigrants; religious exiles; political rebels; serving men sold for a term of years; apprentices; children stolen; maidens pressed; and others who went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700 : with their ages and the names of the ships in which they embarked, and other interesting particulars " by Hotten, John Camden, 1832-1873
Published 1874.

 Click the link below to go to the download page:

https://archive.org/details/originallistsofp00hottuoft

Sunday, August 14, 2016

Sunday Morning Mountain Gospel Music 102

O Jesus, My Saviour
Written by Caleb Jarvis Taylor, sung by a group of Primitive Baptist young people in Cades Cove Primitive Baptist Church, Great Smoky Mountains National Park. From the Primitive Baptist Hymnal (#94) 
 
 
O Jesus, My Saviour

O Jesus, my Savior, I know thou art mine,
For thee all the pleasures of sin I resign;
Of objects most pleasing, I love thee the best,
Without thee I’m wretched, but with thee I’m blest.

The Spirit first taught me to know I was blind,
Then taught me the way of salvation to find;
And when I was sinking in gloomy despair,
Thy mercy relieved me, and bid me not fear.

In vain I attempt to describe what I feel,
The language of mortals or angels would fail;
My Jesus is precious, my soul’s in a flame,
I’m raised to a rapture while praising his name.

I find him in singing, I find him in prayer,
In sweet meditation he always is near;
My constant companion, O may we ne’er part!
All glory to Jesus, he dwells in my heart.

I love thee, my Savior, I love thee, my Lord,
I love thy dear people, thy ways, and thy word;
With tender emotion I love sinners too,
Since Jesus has died to redeem them from woe.

My Jesus is precious–I cannot forbear,
Though sinners despise me, his love to declare;
His love overwhelms me; had I wings I’d fly
To praise him in mansions prepared in the sky.

Then millions of ages my soul would employ
In praising my Jesus, my love and my joy
Without interruption, when all the glad throng
With pleasures unceasing unite in the song.


Thursday, August 11, 2016

Woods Colts.......

Some years back I was introduced to the term 'Woods Colt', by fellow Bunch/Collins researcher Libby Bunch Smiddy. It's a term from the old time Southern Appalachian dialect that really means a child born out of wedlock.

One of the difficulties of researching mixed blood family histories of Southern Appalachia  is our Woods Colt ancestors. The surnames don't always follow the blood line's.

As Collins / Gibson ancestor  Cleland Thorpe often states "Momma's baby, Daddy's maybe"


Here are some definitions of the term Woods Colt:

Merriam-Webster Dictionary
1
 :  a horse that is the offspring of a chance mating
 2
  :  bastard

Wiktionary
Etymology
From the unplanned breeding of horses allowed to roam in unsupervised areas.

woods colt ‎(plural woods colts)
(euphemistic, US, Virginia) A child born out of wedlock.

definition-of.com
(Adult / Slang)
Dated term for an illegitimate child.

Encyclopedia of Genealogy
Woods Colt
Appalachian term for illegitimate child especially utilized in Eastern Kentucky.

Dictionary of Mountain Talk
woods colt - ain't got no nown daddy

Base born and Natural born are two other terms used in the Southern Appalachians.

On a side note :
"In Portuguese we have a very old-fashioned expression: "casar na igreja verde" - "get married in the green church". The green church stands for the woods, the greens. So the meaning is to have an illicit relationship, actually out of a wedlock."

I don't think the term "casar na igreja verde" was ever used in Southern Appalachia. 

With the modern day use of  Genetic Genealogy (DNA testing), 'Woods Colt' reality has come to view. I know this from personal experience. On my Y-DNA test, I only match one Collins, who is a known descendant of my same Collins line. My most common Y-DNA matches are with a Bunch line that was from Bertie County , North Carolina.

My atDNA test (Family Tree DNA's Family Finder test) shows a much bigger story. I have matches with 2 Bunch lines, a Rhea line, Goins lines, Collins lines, Gibson lines, Sexton lines,and a Mullins line. I'm still working on sorting it all out.

The paper 'Melungeons, A Multi-Ethnic Population', written by  Roberta J. Estes, Jack H. Goins, Penny Ferguson, and Janet Lewis Crain, examined 'Woods Colts' but used a more tame term, "Outparenting Events", Their findings...

"Outparenting Events
During the analysis, several outparenting events were discovered. Typically known as nonparental events (NPE), these are also known as undocumented adoptions. Prior to the 1900s, adoptions were informal events when one family took the child of another family to raise when necessary. In some cases, when infidelity is involved, the father may not realize that he is raising another man's child, but in many cases, the reason is much less sinister such as a child taking a step-father's name, a family taking an orphan to raise, or an illegitimate birth where the child takes the mother's surname. All of these events result in the DNA of the surname not matching the expected genetic line. The Melungeon project had a significant number of these results, and with only three exceptions, the matching surname was within the Melungeon family group. The exceptions are neighboring surnames." The outparenting events were as follows:


"This high number and wide distribution of outparenting events involving almost every core Melungeon surname may suggest remnants of matrilineal culture."

Here are some links to articles concerning 'Woods Colts' :

NPE's and Their Resolution, Y-DNA Testing for Genealogy and the Resolution of Unexpected Results

Non Paternal Events

non-paternal event from Genealogy Today

Illegitimacy does not cause NPEs

So who's your Daddy ?

Sunday, August 7, 2016

Sunday Morning Mountain Gospel Music 101

A Vision Of Mother
Written by Ruby Rakes, sung by, Carter and Ralph Stanley, the Stanley Bothers



A Vision Of Mother

Oft' my thoughts drift back to childhood
To the time when I was free
As I played before the fireside
'Round my darlin' Mother's knee

There's a blessed home up yonder
Where my loved ones wait for me
 I saw Mother in a vision
 Kneeling there to pray for me

Then one day our Mother left us
Daddy said she'd gone to rest
I remember how she loved me
As she clutched me to her breast

There's a blessed home up yonder
Where my loved ones wait for me
 I saw Mother in a vision
 Kneeling there to pray for me

Some sweet day I'll meet you Mother
Your little boy is comin' home
To see you as in days of childhood
The one you loved and left alone

There's a blessed home up yonder
Where my loved ones wait for me
 I saw Mother in a vision
 Kneeling there to pray for me
 
Dedicated to Bob and Barbara S. Moore

Tuesday, August 2, 2016

U.S. Census Adventures, 1790 to Present, Race and Ethnicity

Since the first U.S. Census in the year 1790, the 'rules' concerning Race and Ethnicity have changed greatly.

"The nation's first census was a count of the U.S. population as of Aug. 2, 1790. U.S. marshals and their assistants were supposed to visit each U.S. household and record the name of the head of household and the number of free white males, other free persons and slaves in each household. A total of 3.9 million people were counted in the first census."

It used to be the U.S. Census was taken by enumerators, it wasn't like it is today where citizen's fill out their own census forms. So in the old days no one really knew what the enumerator showed as race. I can't imagine my forefathers/mothers being asked what race they were and answering "Free Other".

"Today the Census Bureau collects race data according to U.S. Office of Management and Budget guidelines, and these data are based on self-identification. People may choose to report more than one race group. People of any race may be of any ethnic origin." http://www.census.gov/topics/population/race/about.html

Here is an interactive timeline compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau, showing the history of Race and Ethnicity by census year from 1790 to 2010: Measuring Race and Ethnicity Across the Decades: 1790-2010

I compiled a list of my direct Collins paternal line from copies of the original U.S. Census from 1790 to 1930. The results are interesting:

My direct  paternal Collins line as enumerated by ‘Race’ on the U.S. Census

Valentine Collins
1790 Wilkes Co NC  White

1800 Ash Co NC   Free other

1810   Not on any US Census records

1820 Floyd Co KY  Free Person of Color

1830 Floyd Co KY  Free White

1840 Morgan Co KY  Free White

David Collins
1840 Morgan Co KY  Free White

1850 Johnson Co KY  no race listed (same for David’s son Hiram)

1860 Johnson Co KY no race listed  (same for David’s son Hiram)

1870 Johnson Co KY  All listed as Indian

1880 Johnson Co KY  All listed as Mulatto

1890 Johnson Co KY   no Census records

1900 Johnson Co KY   White (Andrew B. Collins and family)

1910  Johnson Co KY  Mulatto (Andrew B Collins and family)

1920 Johnson Co KY  White  (Andrew B Collins and family)

1930 Lewis Co KY  White  (Timbrook Collins and family)

After 1930 always shown as White

It might be a good idea for family researchers of families with a similar mixed race background to make a list like this for family records.

Sunday, July 31, 2016

Sunday Morning Mountain Gospel Music 100

God Guide Our Leader's Hand
Written by Paul Williams and Jimmy Martin, sung by Jimmy Martin
 

 
God Guide Our Leader's Hand

Oh dear God please watch and guide our greatest leaders
Of all nations so that they may understand
That a war with these mighty destructive weapons
Could destroy us all upon this earth and land

We are livin' in the days the Bible tells us
That all evil will depart their friendship eyes
And with hate and evil destroyin' each others nations
Oh dear God please watch and guide our leader's hand

Oh dear God please watch and guide our greatest leaders
Of all nations so that they may understand
That a war with these mighty destructive weapons
Could destroy us all upon this earth and land

When you feel this ole earth begin to tremble
And you hear the mighty roarin' in the sky
And with a blinding flash of fire and destruction
From the mighty destructive weapons we must die

Oh dear God please watch and guide our greatest leaders
Of all nations so that they may understand
That a war with these mighty destructive weapons
Could destroy us all upon this earth and land

God tells us these wars will come upon us
That all evil will destroy this earth and land
We should pray for a great world wide revival
Instead of tryin' to see who's the strongest man

Oh dear God please watch and guide our greatest leaders
Of all nations so that they may understand
That a war with these mighty destructive weapons
Could destroy us all upon this earth and land


Friday, July 29, 2016

Three different Collins lines of Johnson County Kentucky......

"There are three Collins lines who are found in present day Johnson County Kentucky.They are all separate and distinct families, but are often confused as one.

Valentine Collins, the father of Otary Collins,  immigrated from Hawkins County, Tennessee to Floyd County in the early 19th century, a number of years before Rhesa and Mary Collins settled in the John's Creek area.

Sometime in the 1850s a William Collins moved to the northwestern corner of Johnson County from Wise County Virginia.

Valentine's family, having immigrated from Hawkins County, Tennessee, was probably of Mulungeon origin and it is possible that William Collins of Wise County Virginia was also.

Rhesa (or Reece) was from Frederick County, Maryland.  Research does not show any tie with Mulungeons for Rhesa's family.  His father, Patrick, was said to have come from Ireland before the Revolutionary War."


Read more here:  Patrick & Rhesa Collins Descendants

Sunday, July 24, 2016

Sunday Morning Mountain Gospel Music 99

Diamonds In The Rough
Written by A.P. Carter, sung by the Carter Family


 
Diamonds In The Rough
 
 While walking out one evening
Not knowing where to go
Just to pass the time away
Before we held our show

I heard the Bethel Mission band
Singing with all their might
I give my heart to Jesus
And left the show that night

The day will soon be over
And digging will be done
And no more gems be gathered
So let us all press on

When Jesus comes to claim us
And says it is enough
The diamonds will be shining
No longer in the rough

One day my precious comrade
You too were lost in sin
And others sought your rescue
And Jesus took you in

And when you're tired and tempted
And suffer in rebuff
Don't turn away in anger
There's a diamond in the rough

The day will soon be over
And digging will be done
And no more gems be gathered
So let us all press on

When Jesus comes to claim us
And says it is enough
The diamonds will be shining
No longer in the rough

While reading through the Bible
Some wondrous sights I see
I read of Peter, James and John
By the Sea of Galilee

And Jesus when he found them
He found them mighty tough
And they were precious diamonds
He gathered in the rough

The day will soon be over
And digging will be done
And no more gems be gathered
So let us all press on

When Jesus comes to claim us
And says it is enough
The diamonds will be shining
No longer in the rough


Sunday, July 17, 2016

Sunday Morning Mountain Gospel Music 98

Ashamed To Own The Blessed Savior
Written by Johnnie and Walter Bailes, sung by Carl and Pearl Butler
 
 
 
Ashamed To Own The Blessed Savior

Upon the lonely tree of Calvary
 My Savior took the blame for me
Now do you think that I'd disown Him
When His own blood He shed for me

Ashamed to own the Blessed Savior
Ashamed of Him who died for you
Someday I know that you'll be sorry
For He will be ashamed of you
 
Oh brother how can you deny Him
Ashamed to own God's gift of love
Our only promise of tomorrow
Our precious Savior from above

Ashamed to own the Blessed Savior
Ashamed of Him who died for you
Someday I know that you'll be sorry
For He will be ashamed of you
 
Oh Lord above look down upon me
 Though I'm not worthy now to pray
Please cleanse my sin and make me holy
That You would own me everyday

Ashamed to own the Blessed Savior
Ashamed of Him who died for you
Someday I know that you'll be sorry
For He will be ashamed of you

Sunday, July 10, 2016

Sunday Morning Mountain Gospel Music 97

Lord It's Just Another Hill
Written by The Easter Brothers, sung by The Singing Cookes
 

 
Lord It's Just Another Hill

Lord it's just another hill that I'm climbing
Lord it's just another tear you'll wipe away
If I can just hold on a little longer
I'll be rejoicing in Heaven someday.

Often trials and troubles gather 'round me
and it seems I'm in this valley all alone
then I  feel his love encamped around me
and someday I know I'm going home.

Sometimes the hills seem a little higher
And I feel that I will never see his face
Every river seems to be a little wider
But by the help of my Lord I'll win this race.

Lord it's just another hill that I'm climbing
Lord it's just another tear you'll wipe away
If I can just hold on a little longer
I'll be rejoicing in Heaven someday.